As an illustration used sketch painting of temple Christ the Saviour (painter - Sytov Alexander Kapitonovich).
Memorial Day of St. Matthew - November 29.
The Holy Apostle and Evangelist Matthew is one of the 12 Apostles. In Scripture it is also called Levi (Luke 5, 27). The Apostle Matthew was the brother of the Apostle James the son of Alphaeus, and to his vocation in the apostolic rite, was a publican of Galilee, that is, a tax collector. After calling the Lord, he left all and followed the Savior. Since then St. Matthew, along with other disciples of Jesus Christ to be with him all the time.
According to Holy Tradition of the descent of the Holy Spirit, the Apostle Matthew preached the Gospel to the Jews in Judea. Here, according to the legend of Eusebius and other holy fathers, after 8 years on the Ascension of Christ, Matthew wrote the Gospel to those who believe Jews of Palestine and gave it to the Apostle James, brother of the Lord. From Hebrew into Greek Gospel was translated either of the Apostle James the Apostle or John the Theologian.
In the II century Panten found the Gospel of Matthew written in Hebrew, the Christians of India. According to the testimony of the Fathers original library was kept in Caesarea, arranged in the III century martyr Pamphilus.
Matthew preaches mainly to the fact that Jesus Christ is the Messiah promised by God, predicated in the Old Testament prophets and the messenger of God, from the lineage of David and Abraham.
According to legend Socrates, Nicephorus, and others Apostle Matthew traveled to preach God's word in Syria, Media, Persia, Asiatic Ethiopia and India. In Ethiopia, the Apostle Matthew appeared with the Gospel of the tribe cannibalism (cannibals). After a while the saint Matthew ordained bishop in Mirmeny Plato.
Cured obsessive madness in the family of the prince Fulvian, Evangelist caught him at first wonder and reverence, and then after his sermon, all the power of anger. As a result, the Apostle Matthew was martyred for Christ about 60 years after AD Some time after this, Fulvian himself renounced his authority and was baptized with the name of Matthew in honor of the Apostle.